Die Flagge der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika wird auch Sternenbanner ( englisch Star-Spangled Banner) oder Stars and Stripes genannt. Sie besteht aus 7. Eventuelle Wappen bleiben aufrecht. Auslegerfahnen. Die Auslegerfahne ist eine Hissfahne im Hochformat mit zusätzlichem Hohlsaum oben. Der durch diesen. 4. Juli st es nicht mehr als ein bisschen altmodisch? Haben Wappen überhaupt einen Platz im modernen Amerika?.
Amerika Wappen VideoDie Verfassung der USA erklärt (Kongress - Senat - checks and balances)
Amerika wappen - opinion veryDurch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. März 22 Spielerinnen nominiert. Flagge Vereinigte Staaten Nationalflagge. August Hawaii zum Jahrhunderts verschiedene Flaggen mit jeweils unterschiedlicher Anordnung der Sterne im linken oberen Eck auf, wie z.
wappen amerika - what necessaryVon dort aus breitete sich die Kirche durch englische Kolonien in Nordamerika aus. Eine der wichtigsten dieser Flaggen, die zugleich auch als Vorgänger der ersten Unionsflagge, der Old Glory angesehen werden kann, war die Sons of Liberty Flag von Januar Arizona Dokumente mit diesem Symbol sind sowohl in Deutsch, als auch in anderen Sprachen erhältlich, z. Die Verwaltung einer Mission ähnelt die einer selbständigen Gemeinde, aber das Bistum und der Bischof haben erweiterte Mitspracherechte. Vorsitzender des Hauses der Bischöfe ist der Presiding Bishop , der als Primus der Gesamtkirche dient, und alle neun Jahre gewählt wird. Seine Idee war es, die Pyramide und das Auge der Vorsehung zusammenzufügen. In anderen Projekten Commons.
El campanario al fondo pertenece a la Iglesia y Convento de la Merced. Quebrada de las flechas. Trekking en la quebrada de las conchas.
Cuesta del obispo , camino a Cachi. Parque nacional Los Cardones. Motoaventura en el Abra del Acay , a msnm sobre Ruta Nacional Ciudad de Salta desde la cima del Cerro San Bernardo.
Cono de Arita en el Salar de Arizaro. Cuevas de Acsibi , Salta. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Countries of South America: Argentine peso 1 January Mauricio Macri 22 November , President of Argentina.
Location of Argentina in orthographic projection showing its territorial claims. Puente de la Mujer. Heraldry has been compared to modern corporate logos.
The French system of heraldry greatly influenced the British and Western European systems. Much of the terminology and classifications are taken from it.
However, with the fall of the French monarchy and later Empire there is not currently a Fons Honorum power to dispense and control honors to strictly enforce heraldic law.
The French Republics that followed have either merely affirmed pre-existing titles and honors or vigorously opposed noble privilege. Coats of arms are considered an intellectual property of a family or municipal body.
Assumed arms arms invented and used by the holder rather than granted by an authority are considered valid unless they can be proved in court to copy that of an earlier holder.
In the heraldic traditions of England and Scotland , an individual, rather than a family, had a coat of arms.
In those traditions coats of arms are legal property transmitted from father to son; wives and daughters could also bear arms modified to indicate their relation to the current holder of the arms.
Undifferenced arms are used only by one person at any given time. Other descendants of the original bearer could bear the ancestral arms only with some difference: One such charge is the label , which in British usage outside the Royal Family is now always the mark of an heir apparent or in Scotland an heir presumptive.
Because of their importance in identification, particularly in seals on legal documents, the use of arms was strictly regulated; few countries continue in this today.
This has been carried out by heralds and the study of coats of arms is therefore called "heraldry". In time, the use of arms spread from military entities to educational institutes, and other establishments.
In reference to a dispute over the exercise of authority over the Officers of Arms in England, Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey , Lord Privy Seal , declared on 16 June that the powers of the Earl Marshal were "to order, judge, and determine all matters touching arms, ensigns of nobility, honour, and chivalry; to make laws, ordinances, and statutes for the good government of the Officers of Arms; to nominate Officers to fill vacancies in the College of Arms; to punish and correct Officers of Arms for misbehaviour in the execution of their places".
It was further declared that no patents of arms or any ensigns of nobility should be granted and no augmentation, alteration, or addition should be made to arms without the consent of the Earl Marshal.
After Irish independence in the office was still functioning and working out of Dublin Castle. He served until the office was merged with that of Norroy King of Arms in and stayed on until to clear up the backlog.
Its purpose was supposedly to marshal an expedition to fully conquer Ireland that never materialized. Since 1 April the authority has been split between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
The heraldic tradition and style of modern and historic Germany and the Holy Roman Empire — including national and civic arms, noble and burgher arms , ecclesiastical heraldry, heraldic displays, and heraldic descriptions — stand in contrast to Gallo-British, Latin and Eastern heraldry, and strongly influenced the styles and customs of heraldry in the Nordic countries , which developed comparatively late.
In the Nordic countries , provinces, regions, cities, and municipalities have coats of arms. These are posted at the borders and on buildings containing official offices, as well as used in official documents and on the uniforms of municipal officers.
Arms may also be used on souvenirs or other effects, given that an application has been granted by the municipal council. At a national level, "coats of arms" were generally retained by European states with constitutional continuity of more than a few centuries, including constitutional monarchies like Denmark as well as old republics like San Marino and Switzerland.
In Italy the use of coats of arms was only loosely regulated by the states existing before the unification of Since the Consulta Araldica , the college of arms of the Kingdom of Italy , was abolished in , personal coats of arms and titles of nobility, though not outlawed, are not recognised.
Coats of arms in Spain were generally left up to the owner themselves, but the design was based on military service and the heritage of their grandparents.
In France , the coat of arms is based on the Fleur-de-lys and the Rule of Tinctures used in English heraldry as well.
The Queen of Canada has delegated her prerogative to grant armorial bearings to the Governor General of Canada. Canada has its own Chief Herald and Herald Chancellor.
The crest is thirteen stars breaking through a glory and clouds, displayed with no helm, torse, or mantling unlike most European precedents.
Vermont has both a state seal and a state coat of arms that are independent of one another though both contain a pine tree, a cow and sheaves of grain ; the seal is used to authenticate documents, whilst the heraldic device represents the state itself.
As the papacy is not hereditary, its occupants display their personal arms combined with those of their office. Some popes came from armigerous noble families; others adopted coats of arms during their career in the Church.
The latter typically allude to their ideal of life, or to specific pontifical programmes. His selection of a large letter M for the Virgin Mary was intended to express the message of his strong Marian devotion.
These may be used in countries which otherwise do not use heraldic devices. The Norse attempted to settle in North America about years before Columbus.
In the early days of colonization, many European settlers were subject to food shortages, disease, and attacks from Native Americans.
Native Americans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars. At the same time, however, many natives and settlers came to depend on each other.
Settlers traded for food and animal pelts, natives for guns, ammunition and other European wares. European missionaries and others felt it was important to "civilize" the Native Americans and urged them to adopt European agricultural techniques and lifestyles.
With the advancement of European colonization in the territories of the contemporary United States, the Native Americans were often conquered and displaced.
The French established their own as well along the Mississippi River. Many settlers were dissenting Christian groups who came seeking religious freedom.
Most settlers in every colony were small farmers, but other industries developed within a few decades as varied as the settlements.
Cash crops included tobacco, rice, and wheat. Extraction industries grew up in furs, fishing and lumber. English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups.
As coastal land grew more expensive, freed indentured servants pushed further west. A large-scale slave trade with English privateers was begun.
With the British colonization of Georgia in , the 13 colonies that would become the United States of America were established. Relatively small Native American populations were eclipsed.
Excluding the Native Americans , who were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2.
Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas. Although the Spanish did not land, natives paddled to the ship to trade furs for abalone shells from California.
During his third and final voyage , Captain James Cook became the first European to begin formal contact with Hawaii. After having arrived in the Hawaiian islands in , Captain Cook sailed north and then northeast to explore the west coast of North America north of the Spanish settlements in Alta California.
Cook would be killed days later. The American Revolutionary War was the first successful colonial war of independence against a European power.
Americans had developed an ideology of " republicanism " asserting that government rested on the will of the people as expressed in their local legislatures.
They demanded their rights as Englishmen and "no taxation without representation". The British insisted on administering the empire through Parliament, and the conflict escalated into war.
The Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, which recognized, in a long preamble, that all men are created equal and endowed by their Creator with unalienable rights and that those rights were not being protected by Great Britain, and declared, in the words of the resolution, that the thirteen United Colonies formed an independent nation and had no further allegiance to the British crown.
The fourth day of July is celebrated annually as Independence Day. Britain recognized the independence of the United States following its defeat at Yorktown in Nationalists led the Philadelphia Convention of in writing the United States Constitution , ratified in state conventions in The federal government was reorganized into three branches, on the principle of creating salutary checks and balances, in George Washington , who had led the revolutionary army to victory, was the first president elected under the new constitution.
The Bill of Rights , forbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in Although the federal government criminalized the international slave trade in , after , cultivation of the highly profitable cotton crop exploded in the Deep South , and along with it, the slave population.
In the North, it energized multiple social reform movements, including abolitionism ;  in the South, Methodists and Baptists proselytized among slave populations.
From to , Jacksonian democracy began a set of reforms which included wider white male suffrage; it led to the rise of the Second Party System of Democrats and Whigs as the dominant parties from to The Trail of Tears in the s exemplified the Indian removal policy that resettled Indians into the west on Indian reservations.
The California Gold Rush of —49 spurred western migration and the creation of additional western states. Nonetheless, conflicts and state-sanctioned murder, including the California Genocide , continued throughout the West into the s.
Differences of opinion regarding the slavery of Africans and African Americans ultimately led to the American Civil War.
But with additional western territory and more free-soil states, tensions between slave and free states mounted with arguments over federalism and disposition of the territories, whether and how to expand or restrict slavery.
With the election of Abraham Lincoln , the first president from the largely anti-slavery Republican Party , conventions in thirteen slave states ultimately declared secession and formed the Confederate States of America the "South" , while the federal government the " Union " maintained that secession was illegal.
The ensuing war would become the deadliest military conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximately , soldiers as well as many civilians.
Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April , each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment , which prohibited slavery.
Three amendments were added to the U. Constitution in the years after the war: The war and its resolution led to a substantial increase in federal power  aimed at reintegrating and rebuilding the South while guaranteeing the rights of the newly freed slaves.
Reconstruction began in earnest following the war. Republicans in the federal government made it their goal to oversee the rebuilding of the South and to ensure the rights of African Americans.
They persisted until the Compromise of when the Republicans agreed to cease protecting the rights of African Americans in the South in order for Democrats to concede the presidential election of Southern white Democrats, calling themselves " Redeemers ", took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction.
From to , so-called Jim Crow laws disenfranchised most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region. Blacks faced racial segregation , especially in the South.
The later invention of electric light and the telephone would also affect communication and urban life. This further expanded acreage under mechanical cultivation, increasing surpluses for international markets.
Virgin Islands from Denmark in Rapid economic development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries fostered the rise of many prominent industrialists.
Tycoons like Cornelius Vanderbilt , John D. Banking became a major part of the economy, with J. Morgan playing a notable role.
Edison and Tesla undertook the widespread distribution of electricity to industry, homes, and for street lighting. Henry Ford revolutionized the automotive industry.
The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of World War I , in , until when it joined the war as an "associated power", alongside the formal Allies of World War I , helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers.
However, the Senate refused to approve this and did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles that established the League of Nations.
After his election as president in , Franklin D. Roosevelt responded with the New Deal , which included the establishment of the Social Security system.
As an Allied victory was won in Europe , a international conference held in San Francisco produced the United Nations Charter , which became active after the war.
After World War II the United States and the Soviet Union jockeyed for power during what became known as the Cold War , driven by an ideological divide between capitalism and communism  and, according to the school of geopolitics , a divide between the maritime Atlantic and the continental Eurasian camps.
They dominated the military affairs of Europe , with the U. The United States often opposed Third World movements that it viewed as Soviet-sponsored, and occasionally pursued direct action for regime change against left-wing governments.
At home, the U. Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments. A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of , sought to end racial discrimination.
The launch of a " War on Poverty " expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of Medicare and Medicaid , two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the means-tested Food Stamp Program and Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
The s and early s saw the onset of stagflation. After his election in , President Ronald Reagan responded to economic stagnation with free-market oriented reforms.
The concept of Pax Americana , which had appeared in the post-World War II period, gained wide popularity as a term for the post-Cold War new world order.
Fearing that the instability would spread to other regions, President George H. Bush launched Operation Desert Shield , a defensive force buildup in Saudi Arabia, and Operation Desert Storm , in a staging titled the Gulf War; waged by coalition forces from 34 nations, led by the United States against Iraq ending in the successful expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait, restoring the former monarchy.
Due to the dot-com boom , stable monetary policy under Alan Greenspan , and reduced social welfare spending , the s saw the longest economic expansion in modern U.
The goal of the agreement was to eliminate trade and investment barriers among the U. The stimulus facilitated infrastructure improvements  and a relative decline in unemployment.
The law caused a significant reduction in the number and percentage of people without health insurance, with 24 million covered during ,  but remains controversial due to its impact on healthcare costs, insurance premiums, and economic performance.
American forces in Iraq were withdrawn in large numbers in and , and the war in the region was declared formally over in December Trump is both the oldest and wealthiest person elected president in United States history.
Alaska , separated from the contiguous United States by Canada, is the largest state at , square miles 1,, The ranking varies depending on how two territories disputed by China and India are counted, and how the total size of the United States is measured.
The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont. The flat, fertile prairie of the Great Plains stretches to the west, interrupted by a highland region in the southeast.
The United States, with its large size and geographic variety, includes most climate types. To the east of the th meridian , the climate ranges from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south.
Much of the Western mountains have an alpine climate. The climate is arid in the Great Basin, desert in the Southwest, Mediterranean in coastal California , and oceanic in coastal Oregon and Washington and southern Alaska.
Most of Alaska is subarctic or polar. Hawaii and the southern tip of Florida are tropical , as are the populated territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific.
There are 59 national parks and hundreds of other federally managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas. Environmental issues have been on the national agenda since Environmental controversies include debates on oil and nuclear energy , dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation ,   and international responses to global warming.
White Americans mostly European ancestry group with Census, Hispanic and Latino Americans are counted as an ethnic group, not a "racial" group , and third-largest ancestry group.
The population growth of Hispanic and Latino Americans the terms are officially interchangeable is a major demographic trend. The drop in the U. Minorities as defined by the Census Bureau as all those beside non-Hispanic, non-multiracial whites constituted The United States has a birth rate of 13 per 1,, which is 5 births below the world average.
China, India, and the Philippines have been in the top four sending countries every year since the s. The percentage of immigrants who are Asian is increasing while the percentage who are Hispanic is decreasing.
In , 33, refugees were resettled in the United States. This was fewer than were resettled in the rest of the world for the first time in decades.
In , incorporated municipalities had populations over ,, nine cities had more than one million residents, and four global cities had over two million New York , Los Angeles , Chicago , and Houston.
English American English is the de facto national language. Although there is no official language at the federal level, some laws—such as U.
Both Hawaiian and English are official languages in Hawaii , by state law. Several insular territories grant official recognition to their native languages, along with English: Samoan  is officially recognized by American Samoa.
Chamorro  is an official language of Guam. The most widely taught foreign languages in the United States, in terms of enrollment numbers from kindergarten through university undergraduate studies, are: The First Amendment of the U.
Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids Congress from passing laws respecting its establishment. As with other Western countries, the U.
Irreligion is growing rapidly among Americans under According to a survey, Protestantism is the largest Christian religious grouping in the United States, accounting for almost half of all Americans.
Baptists collectively form the largest branch of Protestantism at Rhode Island has the highest percentage of Catholics, with 40 percent of the total population.
By contrast, religion plays the least important role in New England and in the Western United States. Wade , a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.
While the abortion rate is falling, the abortion ratio of per 1, live births and abortion rate of 15 per 1, women aged 15—44 remain higher than those of most Western nations.
The total fertility rate TFR in was 1. Hodges , and it is legal for same-sex couples to adopt. Polygamy is illegal throughout the U.The Great Seal of the U. Ein heraldisch ungewöhnliches Element ist die naturalistische Darstellung von 13 Büschen und Sträuchern am Fundament der Pyramide. Vielleicht sollten wir eine Antwort damit beginnen, indem wir auf die Bedeutung eines Wappens für die Menschen und deren Familien schauen. Der Olivenzweig und die 13 Pfeile, die der Adler in den Krallen hält, spielen auf Krieg und Frieden an, auf die Kräfte, die nur im Kongress liegen, und die Konstellation der Pfeile symbolisiert die Neue Nation, die ihren Platz unter den souveränen Mächten einnimmt. Dort erwies sich der Supremateid als problematisch, weshalb er nach Schottland weiterreiste. Bischof Michael Bruce Curry. Aber am Besten hat es wohl der Kanadier Benjamin Thornton ausgedrückt, als er darüber sprach, wie er bei der Kanadischen Heraldischen Autorität um die Gewährung eines Wappens nachsuchte: Flaggen der Staaten Nordamerikas. Oberhalb des Adlers sind 13 pentagrammartige Sterne im goldenen Kranz in Form eines Hexagramms auf hellblauem Grund angeordnet. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 4. Anders als in vielen anderen anglikanischen Kirchenprovinzen, gibt es jedoch keine Erzbischöfe für die jeweiligen Provinzen, da die Episkopalkirche keine Erzbischöfe hat. Davor war es die 47 Jahre unveränderte Old Glory Flag — Nach den Beitritten von Tennessee , Ohio , Louisiana , Indiana , Mississippi und einem neuen Flaggengesetz, das die Streifen auf 13 begrenzte und die Einführung neuer Sterne für neue Bundesstaaten in der Gösch auf den dem Beitritt folgenden 4. Siegel des Marine-Ministeriums Trinkgeld casino of the Navy. Dagur sigurdsson japan Sie bitte das nachfolgende Formular aus, damit wir Ihnen auch das richtige Material zusenden. Das aus Laien bestehende Aufsichtsgremium einer Kathedrale wird als Domkapitel bezeichnet, aber manche Kathedralen haben zusätzlich noch einen Vestry. Sein Bericht wurde am Eine der wichtigsten dieser Flaggen, die zugleich auch als Vorgänger der ersten Unionsflagge, der Old Glory angesehen werden kann, war die Sons of Liberty Flag von Noch nicht wieder nominiert wurde Hope Solo obwohl die Sperre von goldener tiger Monaten abgelaufen ist. Januar wurden 26 Spielerinnen nominiert. Juli festlegte, wurden 20 Sterne im Gösch eingeführt. Ausführungen Hissfahnen goldener tiger Hochformat Bei der klassischen Hissfahne im Hochformat wird die Länderflagge "gedreht", so dass die Farbe, die üblicherweise oben ist, nun an der Mastseite erscheint. Die Bannerfahne wird gedruckt wie erfahrung casino club Hochformatsfahne, nur die Konfektionierung ist anders. Als Reaktion darauf entsandte England Truppen an die amerikanische Ostküste und erklärte die amerikanischen Kongressdelegierten zu Rebellen und Verrätern an der Krone. Dort erwies sich der Supremateid als problematisch, weshalb er nach Schottland weiterreiste. Auf den Stars and Stripes basierende Flaggen. Conventional elements of coats best casino bonus arms. The State of Tipico live casino blackjack is an archipelago in the mid- Pacific Ocean. In taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika: Cono de Arita en kalendar online Salar de Arizaro. The percentage of immigrants who are Casino ohne einzahlen is increasing while the percentage who are Hispanic is decreasing. More recent American creations include hip hop and house music. The first interaction between Europeans and Native Americans was made by the Norsemen. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of goldener tiger full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists eurovision sieger 2019 shield, supporterscrestand motto. There goldener tiger also 6 non-voting representatives who represent the District of Columbia and the five major U. With very few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U.
Insofern symbolisiert sie die Freiheit der Vereinigten Staaten. Der Spruch ist ein abgewandeltes Zitat aus Vergils Aeneis.
Der Schriftzug Novus ordo seclorum lat. Vor allem im Ein Komitee bestehend aus Benjamin Franklin , John Adams und Thomas Jefferson , die alle drei heraldisch unerfahren waren, wurde beauftragt, einen Entwurf zu stellen.
Sein Bericht wurde am Juni vom Kongress angenommen. Das Siegel dient mehreren Verwendungszwecken: Dies war Ausgangspunkt verschiedener Diskussionen.
Carr vermutet in seinem Buch z. Allerdings wurde das Siegel der USA , d. Der Illuminatenorden verwendete in seiner Symbolik auch nicht die Pyramide, sondern die Eule der Minerva.
Madison  in a decision handed down by Chief Justice John Marshall. The United States is a federal republic of 50 states , a federal district , five territories and several uninhabited island possessions.
These are divided into subdivisions of counties and independent cities. Each state has presidential electors equal to the number of their Representatives and Senators in Congress; the District of Columbia has three because of the 23rd Amendment.
Congressional Districts are reapportioned among the states following each decennial Census of Population. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment.
The total number of voting Representatives is There are also 6 non-voting representatives who represent the District of Columbia and the five major U.
American Indians are U. Congress and the federal courts. Like the states they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency.
Citizenship is granted at birth in all states, the District of Columbia, and all major U. The United States has operated under a two-party system for most of its history.
Since the general election of , the major parties have been the Democratic Party , founded in , and the Republican Party , founded in The President and Vice-president are elected through the Electoral College system.
Within American political culture , the center-right Republican Party is considered " conservative " and the center-left Democratic Party is considered " liberal ".
The " red states " of the South and parts of the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains are relatively conservative.
Republican Donald Trump , the winner of the presidential election , is serving as the 45th President of the United States.
The Senate consists of 53 Republicans, and 45 Democrats with 2 Independents who caucus with the Democrats; the House consists of Democrats and Republicans.
The United States has an established structure of foreign relations. Almost all countries have embassies in Washington, D.
Likewise, nearly all nations host American diplomatic missions. By contrast, private overseas giving by Americans is relatively generous.
These are Pacific island nations, once part of the U. Taxes in the United States are levied at the federal, state, and local government levels.
These include taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates and gifts, as well as various fees.
Taxation in the United States is based on citizenship, not residency. It is the only country in the world, other than Eritrea , to do so.
In taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to Major categories of FY spending included: In , the armed forces had 1.
The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2. The Department of Defense also employed about , civilians, not including contractors.
Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System. The military operates bases and facilities abroad,  and maintains deployments greater than active duty personnel in 25 foreign countries.
Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights , national security and enforcing U. State courts conduct most criminal trials; federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts.
Plea bargaining is very common; the vast majority of criminal cases in the country are settled by plea bargain rather than jury trial. In , there were 15, murders which was 1, more than in , a In , the US murder rate of 5.
In , there were 17, murders and the murder rate was 5. Of those arrested for serious violent crimes in , Non-gun murders reached a peak in of 8, and declined in most years until the early s with 4, in Capital punishment is sanctioned in the United States for certain federal and military crimes, and also at the state level in 30 states.
Supreme Court ruling striking down arbitrary imposition of the death penalty. In , that Court ruled that, under appropriate circumstances, capital punishment may constitutionally be imposed.
Since the decision there have been more than 1, executions, a majority of these taking place in three states: Texas, Virginia, and Oklahoma.
In , the country had the fifth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, Iran , Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.
The United States has the highest documented incarceration rate and largest prison population in the world. About 1 in every 35 adult residents in the United States was under some form of correctional supervision in December , the lowest rate observed since Virgin Islands per , people and the lowest was in Puerto Rico per , people.
The United States has a capitalist mixed economy [ citation needed ] which is fueled by abundant natural resources and high productivity.
The nominal GDP of the U. The United States is the largest importer of goods and second-largest exporter , though exports per capita are relatively low.
In , the total U. In , the private sector was estimated to constitute Coca-Cola is the most recognized soft drink company in the world. Chemical products are the leading manufacturing field.
The National Mining Association provides data pertaining to coal and minerals that include beryllium , copper , lead , magnesium , zinc , titanium and others.
The largest private employment sector is health care and social assistance, with It has a smaller welfare state and redistributes less income through government action than European nations tend to.
The United States is the only advanced economy that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation  and is one of just a few countries in the world without paid family leave as a legal right, with the others being Papua New Guinea , Suriname and Liberia.
It was fourth in productivity per hour, behind those two countries and the Netherlands. The — global recession significantly affected the United States, with output still below potential according to the Congressional Budget Office.
The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the midth century.
Methods for producing interchangeable parts were developed by the U. War Department by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century.
This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U. Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system called mass production.
In , Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U. In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E.
Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line. The Wright brothers , in , made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight.
The invention of the transistor in the s, a key active component in practically all modern electronics , led to many technological developments and a significant expansion of the U.
These advancements then lead to greater personalization of technology for individual use. In the 21st century, approximately two-thirds of research and development funding comes from the private sector.
After years of stagnant growth, in , according to the Census, median household income reached a record high after two consecutive years of record growth, although income inequality remains at record highs with top fifth of earners taking home more than half of all overall income.
This is largely because at-risk workers get almost no government support and are further set back by a very weak collective bargaining system.
Assets owned by Americans lost about a quarter of their value. There were about , sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons in the U.
In , the region with the lowest poverty rate was New Hampshire 7. The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since , while most major airports are publicly owned.
The United States energy market is about 29, terawatt hours per year. The remainder was supplied by nuclear power and renewable energy sources.
For decades, nuclear power has played a limited role relative to many other developed countries, in part because of public perception in the wake of a accident.
In , several applications for new nuclear plants were filed. Issues that affect water supply in the United States include droughts in the West, water scarcity , pollution , a backlog of investment, concerns about the affordability of water for the poorest, and a rapidly retiring workforce.
Increased variability and intensity of rainfall as a result of climate change is expected to produce both more severe droughts and flooding, with potentially serious consequences for water supply and for pollution from combined sewer overflows.
The United States is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. Core American culture was established by Protestant British colonists and shaped by the frontier settlement process, with the traits derived passed down to descendants and transmitted to immigrants through assimilation.
Americans have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic , competitiveness, and individualism,  as well as a unifying belief in an "American creed " emphasizing liberty, equality, private property, democracy, rule of law, and a preference for limited government.
According to a British study, Americans gave 1. The American Dream , or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility , plays a key role in attracting immigrants.
Mainstream American cuisine is similar to that in other Western countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain with about three-quarters of grain products made of wheat flour  and many dishes use indigenous ingredients, such as turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup which were consumed by Native Americans and early European settlers.
Characteristic dishes such as apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed.
American eating habits owe a great deal to that of their British culinary roots with some variations. Although American lands could grow newer vegetables that Britain could not, most colonists would not eat these new foods until accepted by Europeans.
Hess stated in In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe.
William Faulkner , Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century.
The transcendentalists , led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson , established the first major American philosophical movement.
In the 20th century, the work of W. Quine and Richard Rorty , and later Noam Chomsky , brought analytic philosophy to the fore of American philosophical academia.
John Rawls and Robert Nozick led a revival of political philosophy , and Martha Nussbaum is its most important figure today. Cornel West and Judith Butler have led a continental tradition in American philosophical academia.
Chicago school economists like Milton Friedman , James M. Buchanan , and Thomas Sowell have affected various fields in social and political philosophy.
In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a midth-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism. The realist paintings of Thomas Eakins are now widely celebrated.
Major artistic movements such as the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and the pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein developed largely in the United States.
One of the first major promoters of American theater was impresario P. Barnum , who began operating a lower Manhattan entertainment complex in The team of Harrigan and Hart produced a series of popular musical comedies in New York starting in the late s.
In the 20th century, the modern musical form emerged on Broadway ; the songs of musical theater composers such as Irving Berlin , Cole Porter , and Stephen Sondheim have become pop standards.
Choreographers Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham helped create modern dance , while George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins were leaders in 20th-century ballet.
Aaron Copland and George Gershwin developed a new synthesis of popular and classical music. The rhythmic and lyrical styles of African-American music have deeply influenced American music at large, distinguishing it from European and African traditions.
Elements from folk idioms such as the blues and what is now known as old-time music were adopted and transformed into popular genres with global audiences.
Jazz was developed by innovators such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington early in the 20th century. Country music developed in the s, and rhythm and blues in the s.
Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry were among the mids pioneers of rock and roll. Rock bands such as Metallica , the Eagles , and Aerosmith are among the highest grossing in worldwide sales.
More recent American creations include hip hop and house music. Hollywood , a northern district of Los Angeles , California, is one of the leaders in motion picture production.
Since the early 20th century, the U. The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the " Golden Age of Hollywood ", from the early sound period until the early s,  with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures.
American football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport;  the National Football League NFL has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world, and the Super Bowl is watched by millions globally.
Baseball has been regarded as the U. These four major sports, when played professionally, each occupy a season at different but overlapping, times of the year.
College football and basketball attract large audiences. As of [update] , the United States has won 2, medals at the Summer Olympic Games , more than any other country, and in the Winter Olympic Games , the second most behind Norway.
Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact. The four major broadcasters in the U.
The four major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches.
In , the number of U. In addition, there are 1, public radio stations. Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public or private funds, subscriptions, and corporate underwriting.
With very few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U. Major cities may also support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, and papers for local ethnic and social groups.
Early versions of the American newspaper comic strip and the American comic book began appearing in the 19th century.
More than publications are produced in Spanish, the second most commonly used language in the United States behind English. The CIA World Factbook lists the United States as the third-largest country after Russia and Canada with total area of 9,, sq km,  and China as fourth-largest at 9,, sq km.
A list-defined reference named "language" is not used in the content see the help page. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Projection of North America with the United States in green. The United States, including its territories. Native Americans in the United States.
The Cliff Palace , built by the Ancestral Puebloans. American Civil War and Reconstruction era. One World Trade Center , newly built in its place.
Biota of the United States. Leading population centers see complete list view talk edit. Languages of the United States.
Religion in the United States. Family structure in the United States. Education in the United States. The United States Capitol , where Congress meets: The White House , home and workplace of the U.
Political divisions of the United States , U. Territorial evolution of the United States and United States territorial acquisitions.
State flags and statehood dates. Maryland May 23, North Carolina May 29, Iowa May 29, California May 11, Statehood date is the date of ratifying the Constitution for the first 13 or being admitted to the Union for subsequent states.
Territory and district flags and dates. District of Columbia Apr. US Virgin Islands Nov. Territory date is the date the territory was acquired by the United States, except for the District of Columbia, which was founded separately.
Donald Trump 45th President since January 20, Mike Pence 48th Vice President since January 20, Taxation in the United States and United States federal budget.
United States Armed Forces. Economy of the United States. Economic history of the United States. Transportation in the United States. Energy policy of the United States.
Drinking water supply and sanitation in the United States. Culture of the United States. Cuisine of the United States. Music of the United States and American classical music.
Cinema of the United States. Sports in the United States. The most popular American sports are American football , baseball , basketball and ice hockey .
Media of the United States. United States portal American cuisine portal. Algonquian , Cherokee , and Sioux are among many other official languages in Native-controlled lands throughout the country.
French is a de facto , but unofficial, language in Maine and Louisiana , while New Mexico law grants Spanish a special status. There are eleven smaller island areas without permanent populations: The challenge was also opposed by a Japanese holding obdurately to national seclusion.
As the townspeople began to surrounding them, Cook and his men raised their guns. Most respondents who speak a language other than English at home also report speaking English "well" or "very well".